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How We Can All Make Better Environmental Choices When We Build A Home

Creating a sustainable home is not merely about contributing to the preservation of the environment. It also revolves around making strategic decisions that can lower the costs associated with running a household, conserving energy, water, and reducing the strain on systems and appliances. From the orientation of the house to the selection of building materials and harnessing solar power, constructing a sustainable house involves numerous considerations. This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of sustainable home features and practical tips for incorporating them into your new home build or renovation.

How We Can All Make Better Environmental Choices When We Build A Home

Understanding The Concept Of A Sustainable Home

A sustainable home is designed with a deep respect for natural resources. It optimises the use of energy and water while incorporating high-quality systems that ensure durability. Such a home employs low-impact, high-performance materials that are efficient in terms of manufacturing, shipping, and installation.

During the early planning stages of a new build, it’s crucial to consider the location. A Biodiversity Development Assessment Report helps to calculate construction’s impact on existing flora and fauna on your land.  sustainable design aims to capitalise on natural light and airflow to naturally heat and cool the home. This approach yields long-term benefits for both the household and the environment by reducing the energy consumption associated with cooling and heating systems.

The size and layout of the home are also key factors. Smaller homes are often more efficient as they require fewer materials to construct and less energy to operate. While small homes may not be the best fit for everyone, it’s essential to respect your resources and consider how much space is truly needed for comfortable living without excess.

The benefits of building a sustainable house are manifold and long-lasting, particularly if your goal is to reduce waste and improve your energy and water consumption. For instance, when designing and building with a long-term perspective, you’re likely to extend the lifespan of your home significantly. Durable, quality building materials and sustainable design features will ensure your home is future proof.

Integrating Sustainable Design Into Your Home

Sustainable design is more than a passing trend. It’s gradually becoming the future of residential architecture in many parts of the world, including Australia.

Passive Solar Design

Passive design integrates the existing environment to create energy-efficient spaces. It makes the most of the home’s orientation to harness natural light and maintain a comfortable temperature. Implementing this strategy can lead to significant reductions in energy use for heating and cooling, translating into lower utility bills. It also reduces dependence on artificial lighting during the day, enhancing the indoor environment.

High-performance Windows

Windows account for over 50% of energy loss in homes. For sustainable house construction, consider cutting-edge technologies such as double glazing, special coatings, and nonconductive frames. These innovations significantly decrease energy losses, making your home warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer. Furthermore, they can greatly enhance your home’s acoustic insulation, creating a quieter, more serene living space.

Energy-efficient Appliances

Opt for appliances with high energy ratings for long-term savings. Pay special attention to your kitchen and laundry appliances, and heating system. Energy-efficient appliances not only consume less power but also have a longer lifespan, which means fewer replacements and reduced waste. They also perform at an optimal level, providing top-notch functionality while saving energy.

Drip Irrigation System for Plants

Create a greener landscape around your home without compromising on environmental sustainability or incurring high maintenance costs by using a drip irrigation system. This system delivers water directly to the root zone of plants, minimising water waste and promoting healthier plant growth. Additionally, it can be automated and customised according to your garden’s needs, freeing up your time and ensuring efficient water usage.

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Eco Paints And Water-based Paints

Eco-paints are less harmful to manufacture and can improve the indoor air quality of your home. They contain fewer volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which are harmful to both human health and the environment. By opting for eco-paints, you’re not just creating a healthier indoor environment for your family, but also reducing the demand for traditional paints that contribute to environmental pollution.

Renewable Energy Solutions

Explore renewable energy solutions with your energy supplier. Consider the use of rooftop solar panels, a common sight in Australia, to generate clean, renewable energy. By shifting to renewable energy, you’re reducing your carbon footprint and enhancing your home’s self-sufficiency. It’s a practical and efficient solution that supports both your energy needs and environmental responsibility.

Recycle And Reuse Construction Waste

During construction, try to recycle where possible and consider the potential future use of materials. Construction waste represents a significant portion of total waste generated in many countries. By recycling and reusing, you not only decrease the demand for new resources but also reduce the amount of waste sent to landfills, further minimising environmental harm.

Install a Cool Roof

A cool roof reflects the sun’s heat, helping to maintain a cooler interior temperature in your home. In addition to increasing indoor comfort during hot weather, a cool roof can lower your air conditioning costs, leading to significant energy savings. Moreover, it contributes to mitigating the urban heat island effect, a significant environmental concern in many cities.

Install a Smart Meter

Smart meters are not just convenient, but they are also instrumental in improving energy efficiency. They provide real-time information about energy consumption, enabling homeowners to better manage their energy use and identify opportunities for savings. Additionally, smart meters facilitate seamless interaction with the grid, allowing for more efficient use of renewable energy.

Proper Insulation with Eco-friendly Materials

Good insulation is a critical feature of sustainable homes, helping to keep hot air out in the summer and warm air in during the winter.

Contrary to popular belief, sustainable homes are not necessarily more expensive to maintain. They can offer significant benefits for both the environment and your finances. Implementing sustainable design elements in your new build can set you on the path to a more environmentally friendly lifestyle.


Building a sustainable home means building with the future in mind. Considering your energy use, location, insulation, and building materials can help you construct a home that positively influences your lifestyle in the long run, offering numerous benefits for both the environment and your household. Making better environmental choices when building a home is not only a worthwhile endeavour but also an attainable goal that we all can work towards.

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